Attentional cue. Oct 13, 2022 · Thus, group-based cue selection is an advanced atte...

For the cue-frequent group (N = 18), the attentional cues (valid

Coaching cues are snippets of information, or task-orientated information, used to teach the athlete how to perform the task/skill (1). Successful coaching largely depends on the coach’s ability to communicate with the athlete using simple and effective coaching cues (1). Cues that are too long, too complex, and are quite simply just too ...If you’re always on the lookout for great movies to add to your streaming queue, then you’ve come to the right place. Get ready to cue the drama with our list of some of the best dramatic movies to hit the big screen in the last decade.The attention test was confirmed to be more sensitive to the cue than the direct cue-localization task was. We further showed that these attention effects were absent for 50-Hz chromatic flicker. These results provide strong direct evidence against a privileged role of mid- band in unconscious attention, but are consistent with known cortical ...Summary. In this Element, a framework is proposed in which it is assumed that visual selection is the result of the interaction between top-down, bottom-up and selection-history factors. The Element discusses top-down attentional engagement and suppression, bottom-up selection by abrupt onsets and static singletons as well as lingering biases ...Landin (1994) suggested that the use of appropriate cue words may aid task focus by increasing focus on task relevant stimuli. Hardy (2006) suggests that the use of cue words may help athletes adjust their focus of attention towards a more appropriate attentional focus for completion of tasks.A significant attentional effect was found at the SOA of 300 ms (t(19) = 4.08, p < 0.01, Bonferroni corrected), namely facilitation of visual acuity occurred when the target was presented 50 ms after the attentional cue. No significant attentional effect was found when the SOA was shorter or longer (ps > 0.05 for the remaining SOAs). Experiment 2Jul 1, 2020 · One of the most important function of selective attention is the efficient and accurate detection and identification of cues associated with threat. However, in pathological anxiety, this attentional mechanism seems to be dysfunctional, which leads to an exaggeration of threat processing and significant functional impairment. Fig. 10.1.1 Using the nonvolitional cue based on saliency (red cup, non-paper), attention is involuntarily directed to the coffee. After drinking coffee, you become caffeinated and want to read a book. So you turn your head, refocus your …Dec 22, 2022 · Based on previous studies, as two different kinds of cues, the attentional orienting triggered by non-predictive gaze and arrow cues may exhibit distinct patterns. If the pattern of attentional orienting triggered by gaze cues depends on its social properties, gaze cues ought to direct attention to the specific location, as in Marotta et al. . Mar 16, 2020 · Similar to our study, Voloh et al. reported that in the absence of an external sensory entrainment, attentional cues can induce a phase reset which can synchronize high frequency activities and ... On valid trials, the attentional cue at the beginning of the trial — whether it was selected by the participant based on memory, or explicitly instructed — matched the probe at the end (e.g., participants were attending to room layouts, and at the end of the trial were probed as to whether there was a room match).Jackson (2017) haveshown that gazecues but not arrow cues improved memory accuracy for cued information. Although the dissociations between gaze and arrow cues described above are consistent with the view that eye gaze represents a unique and special attention cue, a weakness in the overall pattern of findings is noteworthy: namely, the ab-The attentional cue is on for 100 msec, the cue-target interval is either 300 or 1500 msec (short/long cue), and finally the target appears for 50 msec in either the left or right box. The beginning of a trial was indicated by the brightening (100 msec) of part of the central cue (Fig. 1b). Targets appeared for 50 msec in one of the two ...1997). MEG data were then analyzed with respect to the attentional cue (cue-locked) and response onset (movement-locked) individually to evaluate the oscillatory dynamics associated with attentional reor-ientation and movement selection, respectively. To evaluate the higher order responses involved in attentional reorientation, the con-.In rehabilitation, auditory and visual cueing methods are commonly applied to evoke a more goal-directed type of motor control and, as such, reduce freezing severity in patients with PD. In this narrative review, we summarize the current evidence regarding the effects of external cueing in patients with PD with freezing of gait (FOG) and ..."Not so long ago, there was an Emperor who was exceedingly fond of attention..." Not so long ago, there was an Emperor so exceedingly fond of attention that he spent all his time making his subjects focus on him. He cared nothing about revi...of attentional cues or during the maintenance phase of working memory tasks. Imaging Studies Studies of spatial attention frequently use a cue that may indicate the probable location of a stimulus or serve as a more generic alerting signal. This cue is typically followed after a short delay by an imperative stimulus.The cues were then categorized for various attentional focus strategies. RESULTS: Results showed that elite coaches utilized multiple attentional focus strategies which included internal, external ...It is well known that attentional selection is sensitive to the regularities presented in the display. In the current study we employed the additional singleton paradigm and systematically manipulated the probability that the target would be presented in one particular location within the display (probabilities of 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, and 90%). The results showed the higher the target ...Jul 10, 2023 · Prior to scene onset, participants saw one of three different cue types: a short attentional cue preceding the patient character, a long attentional cue, or a centrally presented pre-view of the patient (referential cue). Our results demonstrate that different cue types led to differences in speakers' propensity to produce passives. These supplemental verbal sensory cues highlight attentional and informational processes that influence learning or performance (Landin, 1994); verbal cues also served as positive reinforcement ...The cue validity effect on attentional allocation: N1pc amplitude. Results on the cue validity effect on N1pc amplitude are reported in Table 8.Previous studies have shown that attention becomes biased toward those locations that frequently contain a target and is biased away from locations that have a high probability to contain a distractor. A recent study showed that participants also learned regularities that exist across trials: Participants were faster to find the singleton when its …In conclusion, symbolic attentional cues affect accuracy and RT in part via different cognitive and neural processes. While the effect of symbolic cueing on accuracy is likely explained by a single process (preparatory excitability increase), an additional, nonpreparatory, process likely underlies its effect on RT.Attention Span có bốn âm tiết, trọng âm thường được đặt tại âm tiết thứ hai. Khi phát âm cụm từ này, cần phát âm rõ ràng từ vựng span vì nó ảnh hưởng khá nhiều đến nghĩa của cụm từ. Đặc biệt, bạn cần chú ý đến cách phát âm của phụ âm /ʃ/ trong câu tiếng Anh ...First, a spatial-attention cue encouraged the use of either selective or divided attention by providing informative or uninformative instructions about the to-be-attended, and thus later-probed, ear.The results indicated that all cues captured attention in the random conditions, but only cues that matched targets captured attention in the attentional set condition. The …Any neural response or overt performance benefits (e.g., a fMRI activation and/or greater ERPs as well as a motor response facilitation) for cued targets are attributed to the cue's ability to direct attention, with the time course of attentional orienting effects revealed by the change in the processing profile across the cue-target intervals ...In addition, by manipulating the color of attentional cues, our experiment shows that the cue color per se could influence participants’ response patterns. Overall, the current study suggests that attentional status and subliminal semantic processing can be reliably revealed by temporal–spatial features extracted from cursor motion ...Aug 9, 2019 · Attentional focus, in the context of sport and exercise performance, refers to the process in which the athlete allocates mental resources to cues, stimuli, or states. Attentional focus is commonly classified along one or more dimensions. Nideffer proposed two dimensions of direction (internal or external) and width (broad or narrow). 8 Tem 2017 ... Bend your knees. Use your legs. Turn your shoulders. Extend your elbow at impact. Flick your wrists. These are just some of the verbal cues ...Recent studies confirm that the reward-cues attentional salience adapts, although with some inertia, to changes in cue-reward mapping when reward is a desirable outcome (De Tommaso & Turatto, 2021; Liao & Anderson, 2020; Watson et al., 2021), but, on the other hand, provide indications that, once established, it does not follow changes …Apr 1, 2023 · In pre-cue tasks, cues are presented before the encoding period and reduce the memory load, confusing the retrieval of pure attentional effects. However, in retro-cue tasks, retro-cues are presented during retention and obtain cleaner attentional effects, which involves top-down executive control on WM representations. attentional focus: cue characteristics Although the evidence presented above clearly shows the benefit of using instructions and cues that encourage an external focus opposed to an internal focus when teaching a motor skill, there is also evidence that is pointing to the mediating role of certain cue characteristics (e.g., distance; Ref. 37 ).Another implication of cue setting is the role of the attentional alerting system in the ABE. A well-known finding is that the attention system can be further broken down into three distinct attentional networks: alerting, orienting, and executive control ( Posner and Petersen, 1990 ).Attentional focus, in the context of sport and exercise performance, refers to the process in which the athlete allocates mental resources to cues, stimuli, or states. Attentional focus is commonly classified along one or more dimensions. Nideffer (1976) proposed two dimensions of direction (internal or external) and width (broad or narrow).Thus, group-based cue selection is an advanced attentional selection mechanism that dynamically tracks individual social cues, integrates pieces of individual and group social information to ...The difference in the use and effectiveness of these cues is vast, and research bears out that external cues are far superior. The current theory is that internal cues, by causing the learner to focus so closely on the body, actually restrict maximal learning by inducing “micro-choke” events where muscles fire in larger amount and not in ...Posner's cueing paradigm 16 has served as the backdrop in understanding spatial and temporal interaction of visual attention by adjusting cue/target properties to see how they affect...When the wealthy stop giving to their alma maters because of controversial Middle East positions, they draw attention to the unsavory money-go-round in higher education, Lauren Silva Laughlin writes.The classical ANT version adopts a fourth cue condition, the center cue, however, we decided to discard this condition for two reasons: (1) we preferred not to assess attentional network scores ...See full list on cognitiveresearchjournal.springeropen.com In order to assess the effectiveness of the attentional cue, the two types of attentional cues were further divided into three cue-validity conditions. Participants were trained, on a novel task, to detect the presence of a complex gabor patch embedded in fixed Gaussian contrast noise while contrast thresholds were varied.Jul 26, 2021 · The dichotic listening task manipulated the attentional focus and semantic predictability of upcoming input using two separate visual cues. We investigated whether informative cues would enhance ... Therefore, the effect of perspective-taking and attention-cueing can be better disassociated in the modified paradigm. The results of Experiment 1 illustrated a significant consistency effect, which was further confirmed in Experiment 2. More importantly, the consistency effect was absent in Experiment 3, where the avatar sat with his back to ...By manipulating the spatial validity between the location of the cue and the location of the target, the Posner cuing task provides a measure of attention by assessing performance for attended targets occurring at the location indicated by the cue (e.g., cued or valid targets) relative to unattended targets occurring at other locations (e.g., un...Here, non-attentional sensory effects were controlled and the remaining effects matched closely the purely attentional effects measured by a cueing paradigm. Using these controls, set-size effects ...For this investigation, we deliver attentional cues in three different sensory modalities (visual, auditory, and tactile) in a VR search task, and compare the behavioral …To overcome this, one can try to subtly cue the attention of the player to the relevant material. We empirically tested the use of auditory cues to guide ...Footnote 1 Evidence that participants can direct attention away from negatively cued colors or toward positively cued colors focuses on benefits to attentional processing for these informative cues compared with the neutral cue baseline. Some typical dependent variables indicating a benefit include faster RTs, higher accuracy, or overt or ...There’s no doubt about it: New York City’s Central Park is impressive. An 840-acre slab of green space, right in the heart of Manhattan. But while Central Park may be the most famous of urban parks, that doesn’t mean it’s the only one worth...We assessed this link between EF, attentional cueing, and social cognition with a novel ecological task ("EcoSupermarketX"). Our task had three blocks of increasing executive load and incorporated social and non-social cues, with different degrees of saliency.8 Şub 2019 ... The research into attentional focus shows us-if we are cueing our patients the “wrong” way…we might as well not cue them at all!Attentional. Nghe phát âm. / Phiên âm này đang chờ bạn hoàn thiện /. Bản mẫu:Phiên âm.Summary. In this Element, a framework is proposed in which it is assumed that visual selection is the result of the interaction between top-down, bottom-up and selection-history factors. The Element discusses top-down attentional engagement and suppression, bottom-up selection by abrupt onsets and static singletons as well as lingering biases ...Children tend the separate and differentiate during puberty. This is the main difference in socialization that cues all other socializations to start. Children that may have played together when they were younger will start to drift apart o...Attentional focus occurs when an individual voluntarily concentrates on a specific body activity or muscle engagement while performing an exercise. Typically, attentional focus as discussed in research and practice is divided between external or internal dimensions. By varying the retinal size of the cue while keeping its perceived size constant (Exp. 1), we found that a cue with smaller retinal size significantly facilitated attentional orienting as compared ...Reframing covert attention as prediction is illustrated by considering the classic Posner cueing task. In this task a cue directs covert attention to one or the other side of a display area. A target then appears on the cued or uncued side with some probability (e.g., 80% likely on the cued side, 20% likely on the uncued side).Models of attention demonstrated the existence of top-down, bottom-up, and history-driven attentional mechanisms, controlled by partially segregated networks of brain …The attentional network test (ANT) uses flanker stimuli with different cue conditions to quantify differences in attentional processing. However, it is unclear precisely how the alerting and orienting cues in the task affect different decision processes.It is well known that attentional selection is sensitive to the regularities presented in the display. In the current study we employed the additional singleton paradigm and systematically manipulated the probability that the target would be presented in one particular location within the display (probabilities of 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, and 90%). The results showed the higher the target ...Jul 14, 2020 · Visual cues provide multisensory expectations. When processing information about the other’s attentional state, we can further distinguish between the sense I rely on to monitor the other's attention (e.g., I gaze at your hand grasping), and the sense they use, which I monitor to gather information about their attention (e.g., I gaze at your hand grasping). Small fixational eye movements, called microsaccades, are a candidate biomarker thought to reflect a subject's focus of attention (1, 2). The linkage between the direction of microsaccades and attention has mainly been demonstrated using explicit and unambiguous attentional cues.The results identified that attentional deficits in intellectual disability are overall more pronounced in top-down rather than in bottom-up processing, but with different magnitudes across cue types: The auditory or tactile endogenous cues were much less effective than the visual endogenous cue in the intellectual disability group.The fact that such automatic shifts of attention could be triggered by centrally presented, nonpredictive cues has led some researchers to suggest that eye gaze is a special attentional cue because of its biological significance (e.g., Friesen & Kingstone, 1998, 2003b; Langton & Bruce, 1999).A significant attentional effect was found at the SOA of 300 ms (t(19) = 4.08, p < 0.01, Bonferroni corrected), namely facilitation of visual acuity occurred when the target was presented 50 ms after the attentional cue. No significant attentional effect was found when the SOA was shorter or longer (ps > 0.05 for the remaining SOAs). Experiment 2There is evidence of close links between the allocation of attention and the production of language. For instance, while speakers commonly produce active sentences when they describe an event with an agent acting on a patient, this preference can shift once the patient is in the spotlight of attention (e.g., by means of a brief attentional cue preceding the patient). In this case, speakers are ...Search life-sciences literature (Over 40 million articles, preprints and more)Dec 28, 2021 · Intriguingly, however, we found differences between the impact of visual, auditory, and audiovisual reward cues on attentional guidance depending on the length of the cue-target interval (i.e., SOA), as signified by a four-way interaction between all factors (Fig. 2g). While the effect of visual reward cues on response speed was differentially ... This study tested the role of a cross-modal feature based attention (FBA) cue on perceptual learning and spatial transfer. The trained task was figure-ground segregation in the motion domain. The experiment involved a pre-test, ten days of training, and a post-test. Twelve visually intact participants were immersed in a virtual …The effect of spatial cueing on eye gaze has been confirmed by a large number of studies, but the effect of spatial cueing on face direction and the impact of eye gaze on this effect are less known. In four experiments, we investigated the attentional bias induced by face direction. A modified paradigm of spatial cueing was adopted with …In addition, by manipulating the color of attentional cues, our experiment shows that the cue color per se could influence participants’ response patterns. Overall, the current study suggests that attentional status and subliminal semantic processing can be reliably revealed by temporal–spatial features extracted from cursor motion ...Models of attention demonstrated the existence of top-down, bottom-up, and history-driven attentional mechanisms, controlled by partially segregated networks of brain …SPATIAL CUES AND MICROSACCADE DIRECTION 685 metry, if w x (a mild boundary condition by no means implying that x .5), then the selection on valid-cue tri- als will be dominated by cases in which attention is at the cued target, but microsaccades do not follow attention. Importantly, “attentional mistake” cases as defined byAcross three experiments, we examined the efficacy of three cues from the human body—body orientation, head turning, and eye-gaze direction—to shift an observer’s attention in space. Using a modified Posner cueing paradigm, we replicate the previous findings of gender differences in the gaze-cueing effect whereby female but not male …Inhibition Of Return (IOR) is a well-investigated phenomenon in experimental cognitive psychology: People respond more slowerly to stimuli at locations where they previously (at least 300 ms earlier) viewed a task-irrelevant stimulus (see Klein for review, 2000). The effect of slowing down when responding to previously cued …The results suggest that not only exogenous cues but also endogenous cues can facilitate deaf adults’ visual attentional orienting. However, the effect of exogenous cues appears to be greater ...Essentially, the artificial systems are using feedforward image information to internally generate top-down attentional signals rather than being given the top-down information in the form of a cue. That being said, some artificial systems do allow for externally-cued feature attention.Apr 6, 2023 · This cue-related effect may have been caused by the activation of an attentional alerting system or endogenous attentional orientation of the cue. To understand how a cue’s enhancement of ABE works, Experiment 2 was conducted to investigate if a cue still had a beneficial effect on ABE when the time interval between the cue and target was ... 1997). MEG data were then analyzed with respect to the attentional cue (cue-locked) and response onset (movement-locked) individually to evaluate the oscillatory dynamics associated with attentional reor-ientation and movement selection, respectively. To evaluate the higher order responses involved in attentional reorientation, the con-.Attention-deficit disorder (ADD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are common childhood neurodevelopmental disorders that can cause serious disruptions in daily life. Both disorders result in ongoing inattention and/or imp...on invalid cue trials, RTs are slower if the cues are threat related, rather than neutral, which seems to suggest a difficulty in disengaging attention from the threat location. However, if threat cues have a slowing effect on RTs, as well as an attentional cueing effect, both should be taken into account when interpreting the results.The beneficial effect of valid compared to invalid cues on attention performance is a basic attentional mechanism, but the impact of emotional content on cue validity is poorly understood. We tested whether the effect of cue validity on attention performance differed when cues were angry, happy, or neutral faces.The attention directed to textual cues in the initial FOV is much higher than the attention directed to textual cues outside the initial FOV. Adding visual cues can effectively direct attention to textual cues outside the initial FOV and alleviate the imbalance of attention distribution.Oct 13, 2022 · Thus, group-based cue selection is an advanced attentional selection mechanism that dynamically tracks individual social cues, integrates pieces of individual and group social information to ... Feb 1, 2018 · Attentional resources were allocated to the perceptual target location during saccade preparation as indicated by the increase in perceptual performance. This suggests that central cues led to an increase of attentional resources at the perceptual target location which were additionally boosted by the pre-saccadic attention shift. Reframing covert attention as prediction is illustrated by considering the classic Posner cueing task. In this task a cue directs covert attention to one or the other side of a display area. A target then appears on the cued or uncued side with some probability (e.g., 80% likely on the cued side, 20% likely on the uncued side).1997). MEG data were then analyzed with respect to the attentional cue (cue-locked) and response onset (movement-locked) individually to evaluate the oscillatory dynamics associated with attentional reor-ientation and movement selection, respectively. To evaluate the higher order responses involved in attentional reorientation, the con-.To overcome this, one can try to subtly cue the attention of the player to the relevant material. We empirically tested the use of auditory cues to guide .... Comparing behavioral and neural measures, we show that (1) aAug 1, 2022 · We assessed if early attentional guidanc Attentional-focus cues can be either internal (directed toward the body) or external (targeting something beyond the body) (Wulf, Hoss & Prinz 1998). Two examples: Internal cue: A trainer guiding a client through the upward portion of a bench press says, “Focus on extending your arms and squeezing your chest.”. A cue using an internal attentional focus wou Understanding attentional styles can improve coaching effectiveness by allowing the coach to provide appropriate cues or methods for each athlete.Children tend the separate and differentiate during puberty. This is the main difference in socialization that cues all other socializations to start. Children that may have played together when they were younger will start to drift apart o... Jul 25, 2012 · We investigated whether symbolic endogenou...

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